Grapes

Grapes are a fruit but aren’t grapefruit.

  • Grapes are a berry like fruit from the vine family ‘vitis’.
  • Grapes are eaten raw or can be made into jam, juice, jelly, wine, extract, raisins, vinegar and oil.
  • Grapes grow in bunches of 15 to 300.
  • Grapes can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange or pink in colour.
  • 75, 866 square kilometres of land is used for grape production.

Green grapes, bunches, Stalk, Bowl, Ten Random Facts, Aldi,

  • Some cultivars of grapes have seeds in them and some from the group ‘vitis vinetera’ don’t.
  • Grapes are toxic to dogs since they give dogs kidney problems.
  • 71% of grape production is used for wine and 27% is eaten raw.
  • China produced 8,651,831 tonnes of grapes in 2010 and Italy produced 7,787,800 tonnes.
  • Grape juice is popularly used by Christians as part of the Lord’s Supper celebration.
Bibliography:
Grape 13 January 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grape>

Cherry

Red as a rose, sweet as love.

  • Cherries are stone fruit since they have one seed in them, and have an outer flesh.
  • Cherries are the fruit of certain species of ‘Prunus’, and most cherries that humans eat come from varieties of the sour cherry (Prunus cerasus), which is mostly used for cooking purposes, or the wild cherry (Prunus avium).
  • The word ‘cherry’ comes from the common Greek word, translated into Latin, ‘Cerasum’.
  • The cherry tree cultivars are mainly native to the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Several caterpillars rely on cherry tree cultivars for food.

 Cherries, Cherry, Sour, Eatable, Many, Lots, Glass, Ten Random Facts

  • The word ‘cherry’ refers to the fruit, tree, similar ornamental trees and strangely enough, sometimes almonds.
  • The cherry tree’s prime season for harvest is Summer.
  • In 2007, cherry trees produced approximately 2 million tonnes of cherries world wide. 40% of this production belonged to Europe and 13% belonged to the United States of America.
  • Turkey was the top producer in 2009, with 417.7 thousand tonnes, followed by  the United States with 390.7 tonnes.
  • Cherries have been proven to decrease pain, swelling and tenderness in rats.
Bibliography:
Cherry 28 December 2012, Wikipedia,
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry>

Mango

Sweet, yummy and nice!

  • Mangoes are fleshy, and sometimes furry, stonefruit (See Nectarines to see what a stonefruit is!).
  • The mango is the national fruit of India, Philippines and Pakistan.
  • In several cultures mangoes are used in many formal, public or religious ceremonies, as decoration.
  • Mangoes, depending on the cultivar, are usually yellow; orange; red; or green in colour.
  • Non ripened mangoes can be ripened in brown paper bags.

Mango, Yellow, Orange, Full, Ten Random Facts

  • Mangoes can be used in many different ways, such as chutneys, drinks, rice dishes, jelly, curries, ice cream and can be eaten pickled or raw. Many recipes include unripe sour mango.
  • Mangoes are high in vitamin C.
  • Mango peels and sap contain the chemical ‘urushiol’, which is in poison ivy and poison sumac.
  • India is the biggest producer of mangoes – 16.34 million tons in 2010-2011, and China the second biggest with 4.35 million tons.
  • The most common cultivar of mango is the ‘Alphonso’ which is typically yellow in colour.
Bibliography:
Mango 1 December 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mango>

Nectarine

Nectarine… sweet and juicy!

  • A nectarine is a stonefruit, which is a fruit with a large seed in the middle.
  • Nectarines are closely related to the peach, and sometimes are grown on peach trees or vice versa.
  • Nectarines have smooth skin, and yellow, red or white flesh colour.
  • The nectarine is a high source of vitamins A and C.
  • Nectarine trees are grown in warm temperature areas.

Red Flesh, Yellow Inside, Nectarine, Stonefruit, Ten Random Facts

  • The nectarine comes from the family ‘Rosaceae’, which is the family of roses.
  • The nectarine tree grows 5-7 meters (16-22 feet) high.
  • Nectarines are normally in season in the warmer months, from early spring to middle autumn.
  • The name ‘nectarine’ comes from the sweet food the gods eat, ‘nectar’.
  • The place of origin of the nectarine is China, but spread quickly to England in the 16th century.
Bibliography
Nectarine 2011, Fresh for Kids, <http://www.freshforkids.com.au/fruit_pages/nectarine/nectarine.html>
Nectarine n.d., Britannica, <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/407794/nectarine>

Tomato

Fruit or vegetable?

  • The tomato plant originated in America.
  • For botanists, a tomato is classified as a fruit but many people suggest it is a vegetable.
  • The tomato belongs to the nightshade family, due to it’s high amount of lycopene, which gives the tomato a reddish colour.
  • Tomato plants grow around 1-3 meters (3-10 feet) in height.
  • There are thousands of tomato cultivars – around 7500!

Red tomato, tomato stalk, Ten Random Facts

  • Tomatoes can be red, orange, yellow, green, pink, purple, black or white in colour.
  • China grows the most tomatoes in the world (41, 879, 684 tonnes in 2010).
  • When ripe, a tomato should be used within 1-2 days.
  • A tomato plant is normally vine like with yellow flowers.
  • The heaviest recorded tomato weighed 3.51 kg (7 lb 2 oz), in 1981.
Bibliography:
Tomato 12 November 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato>

Apple

Golden Delicious or Granny Smith. All are nice and sweet – just like Ten Random Facts you see.

  • An apple is a pomaceous fruit and grows on a deciduous tree.
  • The apple tree originated from Asia.
  • There are more than 7,500 different cultivars of apple.
  • 69 million tonnes of apples were grown worldwide, in 2010. China produced just under half of this amount.
  • The seeds of an apple are a little poisonous.

Red Apple, Pink Lady Apple, Ten Random Facts

  • China produces most of the world’s apples, followed by the United States, Turkey, Italy and India.
  • The flowers of an apple tree are normally white with a pinkish tinge.
  • A test on the Golden Delicious apple in 2010 showed that apples have 57,000 genes.
  • If you are allergic to birch pollen you are allergic to apples.
  • 149 grams of apple contain approximately 77 calories.
Bibliography:
Apple 27 October 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple>

Amazon: 

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...