Train

Do you prefer the slow or the fast trains?

  • Trains are transportation vehicles that travel along rails and can transport large quantities of people or other objects, while the engine or powered part of the vehicle is generally known as a ‘locomotive’.
  • Today, trains are typically moved via the use of diesel fuel or electric power; and other means, like magnetic levitation, are utilised in some circumstances, while steam, gravity and horse power were common past fuels.
  • The term ‘train’ originates from the word ‘trahere’, a Latin word that means ‘to pull or draw’.
  • Train cars or carriages containing luggage, cargo or people are typically pulled by a locomotive, or two or more, depending on the power required, or they can be self-powered.
  • Trains are generally classified under short and long distance variants, the former often connecting city suburbs or other smaller cities, while the latter travels through many cities or far distances.

Train, Yellow, Steel, Transport, Locomotive, Local, Australia, Electrical, Ten Random Facts

  • Trains generally move along two parallel rails that are part of a railway track, although some use only one rail, such as monorails, while others use alternative technology.
  • The invention of the train grew out of the creation of the earlier wagonways, and it was made more possible after the steam engine was built, although it was not until 1763, when Scottish engineer James Watt remodeled the original engine, did the power source become practical.
  • Many high-speed trains can run at operational speeds of 350 km/hour (217 miles/hour), while the record for the fastest was set in 2007, by the French-owned TGV, and ran at 574.8 km/hour (357.2 miles/hour).
  • The first steam locomotive was invented in 1804 in Britain by engineer Richard Trevithick, although it was not until Englishmen Matthew Murray and George Stephenson built on the ideas of Trevithick in 1812 and 1814 respectively, that trains became a feasible transport option.
  • Specific trains are named primarily to increase their popularity, and a notable named train in history was the ‘Orient Express’, that ran in Europe from 1883 to 2009.
Bibliography:
Train, 2015, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Train
Train Invention – Who Invented Train?, n.d, Train History, http://www.trainhistory.net/train-invention/who-invented-train/
Who Invented The Train?, Who Invented It?, 2015, http://invention.yukozimo.com/who-invented-the-train/

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Freight Train

They go on forever!

  • Freight trains are also known as goods trains and cargo trains.
  • Freight trains are locomotives that pull special freight cars.
  • Freight trains can be over 7 km (4.3 miles) long.
  • Freight trains are the most energy efficient type of transport for carting large and heavy quantities of goods long distances.`
  • Freight trains with over 100 cars are sometimes required to use more than two locomotives.

Frieght Train, Green, Yellow, Long, Full, Cargo, Goods, Coal, Australia, Copley from Leigh Creek, South Australia, Ten Random Facts

  • In 2001, the BHP Mt Goldsworthy in Western Australia, broke the record for the heaviest and longest freight train and weighed 99,732 tonnes and was over 7.3 kms (4.5 miles) long.
  • It is very important to track freight trains in case of emergency, so satellites are used for this purpose where communication is scarce.
  • Freight train cargo is often loaded into steel boxes for transport.
  • Even though it is illegal, some people purposely board freight trains to get a free ride or to avoid normal means of transport.
  • Freight trains generally pull coal, ore and grains as well as cars, food and other goods.
Bibliography:
 Freight Rail Transport 29 December 2012, Wikipedia, <Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freight_rail_transport>
Graham, 2006, On the Rails , QED Publishing, United Kingdom

Monorail

Advanced trains and advanced facts.

  • A monorail is a single train track or rail which is normally a long concrete prism.
  • Monorail trains have two sets of wheels.  One set of wheels are used to support the train’s weight while the other set of wheels are used to grip onto the rail.
  • The electric current used to run the trains come from the rail.
  • About 30,000 visitors use monorails at Los Vegas, USA, every single day.
  • The world’s first monorail used for business purposes opened in Listowel, Ireland in 1888.
Monorail, Monotrain, City, Train, Ten Random Facts, Free Digital Photos Monorail
Image courtesy of Pat138241/ Free Digital Photos
  • The first monorail was invented in Russia in 1820.
  • Monorails currently transport 150 000 people everyday around Disneyland resorts and have been used in Disneyland since 1959.
  • Most trains hang above the rail but some trains hang below the rail.
  • Monorails are sometimes used at airports.
  • Monorails are free from traffic and people so are free to go anywhere and don’t use overhead wires.
Bibiography:
Graham, 2006, On the Rails , QED Publishing, United Kingdom
Monorail 19 October 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monorail>

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