Hunting Trophy

Would you ever display a hunting trophy on your wall?

  • Hunting trophies are objects made of hunted game specimens, typically put on display like a trophy, and they can be as simple as animal horns, tusks or teeth, or it can be the taxidermied head or body of a hunted animal.
  • Generally, elderly animal specimens are favoured for exhibiting as a hunting trophy, due to their impressive size, and hunting these animals will usually have little or no impact on the general population of the species.
  • The practice of hunting animals for the purpose of gaining a hunting trophy is known as ‘trophy hunting’, and most animals that are used for this purpose come from Canada or African countries.
  • If undertaken randomly and without control, trophy hunting can disrupt populations of animals, reproduction patterns and the genetic pool.
  • In the 1800s, taxidermied animals became sought after and were commonly displayed, and during this time, the hunting trophy became popular among Europeans.

Hunting Trophy, Invention, Taxidermy, Trivia, Ten Random Facts, Deer, Head

  • Trophy hunting is often considered to be highly beneficial for African countries, as it contributes greatly to the country’s economy with little negative effect, and in 2008, across a small selection of African countries, $190 million USD was injected into the African economy as a result.
  • Investigations conducted suggest that the controlled hunting of some animals for hunting trophies, especially those in Africa, controls and potentially increases a species’ population, due, in part, to locals of the area wanting to protect the animals so that can collect large sums of money from those wanting to do the hunting.
  • Hunting for the purpose of a hunting trophy is prone to being controversial, as it is commonly claimed that it is inhumane and dangerous to animal populations, however many of the major wildlife organisations have supportive or neutral views on the subject.
  • Hunting trophy animal heads and antlers are commonly mounted on a wall, most often in an office or one’s house, often in a specially designated ‘trophy’ or ‘game room’.
  • A number of places and organisations, including a number of airlines, have banned the handling or importing of hunting trophies, mainly because they don’t agree with the killing of animals for sport purposes.
Bibliography:
The History of Trophy Hunting, 2015, Timeline, https://www.timeline.com/stories/the-history-of-trophy-hunting
Hunting Trophy, 2015, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trophy_hunting
Ting I, Hunting trophy imports to Australia rise as global trophy imports fall, 2015, The Sydney Morning Herald, http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/hunting-trophy-imports-to-australia-rise-as-global-trophy-imports-fall-20150807-giuagr.html
Trophy Hunting, n.d, In Defense of Animals, http://www.idausa.org/campaigns/wild-free2/habitats-campaign/anti-hunting/hunters/trophy-hunting/

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Swimming Goggles

Swimming goggles are an example of underwater fashion.

  • Swimming goggles are a pair of lenses that assist in clear visibility underwater and prevent water contact with the eye, by providing a small, portable air bubble around the eye.
  • When swimming in water, swimming goggles are generally preferred as they protect eyes from chlorine and salt, that can cause irritation.
  • The Persians are believed to have been the first to use crude swimming goggles, around the 1300s, and the lenses were made of polished turtle shell, and were used by those who dived for pearls.
  • Motorcycle goggles were used as swimming goggles by competitive swimmer Thomas Burgess in 1911, to assist in swimming across the English Channel.
  • Various goggle inventions were patented from the late 1800s and into the early 1900s, and while American Charles Troppman was one of those inventors, contrary to popular belief, he was not the first to invent and patent goggles, nor swimming goggles.

Swimming Goggles, Invention, Trivia, Ten Random Facts, Head, Water,

  • Patents of swimming goggles were filed in the 1920s, with one of the earliest designed as part of a swimming cap in 1923, while Michael O’Flanagan from Ireland filed one of the earliest patents for stand alone goggles designed specifically for underwater use, in 1926.
  • Swimming goggles became more commonly used in the 1960s, though they were originally reserved for training and were usually painful to wear, and they were not used in competitive swimming until 1972.
  • Plastic is the material typically used to make swimming goggles though wood and bamboo have been used in the past, while the lenses were made of glass, though polycarbonate plastic is commonly used today.
  • As a result of water pressure, swimming goggles become increasingly tight around the head and eyes, from water depths over 90 centimetres (3 feet).
  • The lens of swimming goggles are often clear, although reflective or tinted lens are becoming increasingly common due to their effectiveness in blocking out harmful UV rays, and they usually have a silicone, foam, or rubber rim around each lens as a seal to keep water out.
Bibliography:
The History of Swimming Goggles, 2013, LoneSwimmer, http://loneswimmer.com/2013/07/01/the-history-of-swimming-goggles/
History of Swimming Goggles, 2014, Swimming Science, http://www.swimmingscience.net/2014/03/history-of-swimming-goggles.html
Williams C, What Material Are Swimming Goggles Made Of?, 2015, eHow, http://www.ehow.com/about_4672384_what-material-swimming-goggles-made.html
Zorn M, When Were Swimming Goggles Invented, 2014, Vision Launch, http://www.visionlaunch.com/when-were-swimming-goggles-invented/

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Frisbee

Frisbees glide quite smoothly through the air. That is, when they’re not being used competitively!

  • A ‘Frisbee’, ‘flying disc’ or ‘disc’,  is an invention shaped like a disc, primarily used to entertain, but it is also used as the main piece of equipment in the ‘ultimate’ disc field sport.
  • Frisbees are thrown by a flick action of the wrist, and are often thrown casually to and from people in a group.
  • The typical diameter of Frisbees or flying discs ranges from 20 to 25 centimetres (8 to 10 inches), however they are available in smaller and larger sizes.
  • The name ‘Frisbee’ is said to have originated from the Frisbie Pie Company’s metal pie tins that were used by university students as flying discs, and it is a trademark name owned by Wham-O, an American toy company, who bought the rights to the invention in 1957.
  • The first Frisbee discs were metal food tin lids and cake pans used by American Walter Frederick Morrison and his would-be wife Lu in the 1930s, which they eventually sold to passers-by for 25 cents, making a 20 cent profit.

Frisbee, Invention, Trivia, Ten Random Facts, Invention, Sport, Assortment, Ring, Red, Orange, Blue

  • Fred Morrison, as he was commonly known, developed his disc idea when he became a pilot during World War II and suffered a period of imprisonment, and he finalised and commercialised his plastic invention in 1948 with Warren Franscioni, and called it a ‘Flyin-Saucer’.
  • The modern Frisbee stems from a redesign made in 1955 by Fred Morrison, which was later improved by Edward Headrick in 1964 to make the disc more accurate and stable when thrown.
  • While Frisbee has been a popular brand of flying disc, Discraft is a major brand of discs in the sporting industry and are commonly used for ultimate games and competition purposes, and as of 2015, the furthest a flying disc has been thrown is 263.2 metres (863.5 feet), by Simon Lizotte of Germany, in 2014.
  • The Frisbee was used in a sporting game in the late 1960s by students of Columbia High School in Maplewood, in the United States, which developed into the sport now known as ‘ultimate’.
  • Frisbees and flying discs are kept airborne by creating lift through the spinning caused by a throw, combined with the shape of the disc.
Bibliography:
Flying Disc, 2015, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_disc
Of the Game, 2015, What Is Ultimate, http://www.whatisultimate.com/history/of-the-game/
Toy company Wham-O produces first Frisbees, 2015, History.com, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/toy-company-wham-o-produces-first-frisbees

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Richie Benaud

“My mantra is: put your brain into gear and if you can add to what’s on the screen then do it, otherwise shut up.” – Richie Bernaud.

  • Richie Benaud was a famous Australian, well known for his cricketing career, both as a player and a high-profile commentator.
  • Richie Benaud was born on 6 October, 1930, in New South Wales’ Penrith, in Australia, with the name ‘Richard Benaud’, and he married twice, divorced once, and had two children.
  • In the game of cricket, Richie Benaud batted and bowled using his right hand, bowling with the leg-spin technique, and his father was a noteworthy cricket player, who passed on much of his cricket knowledge to his son.
  • Richie Benaud first ventured into more competitive cricket in 1948, when he was selected to join the New South Wales’ youth team, and his first Test match was in 1952.
  • Early in Richie Benaud’s career, in three separate incidents, he suffered a significant injury to his thumb, and sustained serious injuries to his skull and face.
Richie Benaud, 1956, Young, Old, Cricket, Ten Random Facts, Wikimedia Commons, Australia
Young Richie Benaud
Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
  • Richie Bernaud’s best batting performance in test cricket was in 1957, with 122 runs; he ran almost 14,000 runs during his career, and he captained the Australian Test cricket team from 1958 to 1964.
  • Richie Benaud retired from professional cricket in 1964 and became a commentator for the United Kingdom’s BBC and Channel 4, and Australia’s Channel Nine.
  • Richie Benaud died at age 84, on the 10 April, 2015, after being diagnosed and treated for skin cancer in late 2014, and having suffered injuries from a car crash in 2013.
  • Richie Benaud was a notable cricket commentator and journalist for almost 50 years, and he usually wore a signature light coloured jacket, in shades of white, cream or beige when he was commentating.
  • In 1961 Richie Benaud became an Officer of the Order of British Empire (OBE); he was a recipient of a Logie Award in 1999, for Most Outstanding Sports Broadcaster; and Benaud was inducted into three halls of fame in his lifetime.
Bibliography:
Andrew McGarry, Richie Benaud, 2015, ABC News, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-10/richie-benaud-dead/6009202
Richie Benaud, 2015, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richie_Benaud

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The Flash (Superhero)

Nothing is as fast as the Flash. Well, maybe except Superman.

  • The Flash is a fictional superhero, who has featured in the DC Comics ‘universe’ since 1940, and is also known as ‘Scarlet Speeder’.
  • The Flash has the powers to run lightning fast as well as have extremely quick actions, talking and thinking skills, and uses his superpowers to travel through universes or time.
  • The Flash is most popularly the name of Barry Allen, although three others, Jay Garrick (the original), Wally West and Bart Allen (who are both from the bloodline of Barry Allen), precede or succeed him with the same name of ‘the Flash’.
  • The Flash is good friends with Green Lantern, who is another superhero that has the power to control the physical world of the universe.
  • All Flashes gained superpowers by inhaling or making contact with charged chemicals, expect Bart Allen, who was born with the powers.

The Flash, Comics, Front, DC Comics, Realistic, Original, Books, Superhero, Gree Lantern

  • The Flash’s appear wearing red and/or yellow, with a lightning bolt as his trademark.
  • The comic that the Flash makes his first appearance in, the DC Comic’s ‘Flash Comics’ issue #1, is one of the most valuable comic books of all time, with one copy being sold for $450,000 in 2010.
  • The Flash was conceived by the comic story author Gardner Fox, who had worked for both DC Comics and Marvel Comics, and originally drawn by the cartoonist Harry Lampert, who helped create Popeye.
  • The Flash typically fights the villains known as The Rogues, most notably the gang leader Captain Cold, who takes a part in robberies and abides by a code that states no murdering, unless needed, or drug use.
  • The Flash and Superman sometimes have races; even while crime fighting, although the results generally finish as a tie.
Bibliography:
Flash, 2013, Ducksters, < http://www.ducksters.com/biography/flash.php>
Flash (Comics), 2013, Wikipedia, < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_(comics)>

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DC Comic’s Flash Comics Series

Marathons

Huff Puff Huff Puff

  • Marathons are a long distance sport that involve running a typical 42.195km (26.22 mile) track that is normally on a road or path.
  • Hundreds of marathon events are held around the world every year, and many encourage participants of all ages, with shorter courses and fun activities.
  • Marathons were part of the very first modern Olympics in 1896 in Athens and have been included in the programme ever since.
  • Marathons have their origin in a 490 BC Greek legend of Pheidippides, a messenger of the Greeks, who is believed to have run many miles to deliver a message from the battlefield at Marathon, even though the story is said to be inaccurate.
  • Marathons were created when the first modern Olympic games committee wanted another Greek derived event and the idea of a marathon was suggested by Michel Breál.

 Marathon, Runner, Many, Lots, Men, Road, Bangok, Tailand, Standard Charterd Bangkok Marathon 2012 running championship, November 12, 2012, Free Digtal Photos, Ten Random Facts, Sport, Running

Marathon
Image courtesy of Sura Nualpradid/Free Digital Photos
  • The male marathon Olympic event is traditionally the last event in the Olympic Games, before the closing ceremony, and sometimes included as part of the final ceremony.
  • Marathons often have disabled participants that race in wheel chairs, who usually start the race prior to anyone else.
  • Marathoners normally don’t run marathons to win, but instead try for personal bests or to complete the race.
  • People can store enough energy from carbohydrates for about 30 km (18.6 miles) of running, and when marathon runners use up this quick burning energy, they are said to have ‘hit the wall’ as their energy has to be derived from slow burning fat, so often the runner will suddenly feel extremely fatigued, and will find it difficult to keep running.
  • Marathon participants are recommended to train regularly before a marathon, with a significant amount of running each week over a five or sixth month period.
Bibliography:
Marathon, 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marathon>
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