Ribbon

Tie up that ribbon.

  • Ribbons are generally thin strips of a cloth but are sometimes manufactured from or include metal or plastic.
  • Ribbons are often made of silk, polyester, nylon and cotton, and common types include satin, wire-edged, velvet and grosgrain.
  • ‘Ribbon’ comes from the Middle English or Old French words ‘ribban’ or ‘ruban’ respectively.
  • Ribbons are cloth strips that are between 0.32 to 30 centimetres (0.125 to 12 inches) in width.
  • Ribbons are an ancient invention, and were manufactured in France as early as 1000 AD.

Ribbon, Thick, Thin, Hair, Red, Strip, Pink, White, Coloured, Blue, Orange, Ten Random Facts

  • Ribbons are often used as a body accessory, decoration for gifts, for tying objects in place, an adornment on clothes, as recognition of a place-getter in a competition or an award, and is a popular hair accessory.
  • Ribbons are often used as symbols, commonly worn for awareness, with symbolic colours such as red for AIDS awareness.
  • During the 1500s, in England, there was an attempt at restricting the wearing of ribbons only to those who were noble or of importance.
  • Ribbons are generally made from spun and woven fine threads, and once they are woven, they are usually rolled onto a spool ready for sale or use.
  • In the 1600s, ribbons were the fashion, appearing on many wearable items of both male and female.
Bibliography:
How to make Ribbon, n.d, How To, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-3/Ribbon.html
Ribbon, 2013, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribbon

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Coat Hanger

Need something to stop those creases? Use a coat hanger.

  • ‘Coat hangers’ are also known as ‘coathangers’ or ‘clothes hangers’ and have become an almost essential item in homes and clothes shops throughout the world.
  • Coat hangers act like the shoulders of humans, to hang jackets, coats, jumpers, shirts, dresses or blouses and by adding clips, skirts, kilts and trousers can hang from the waist.
  • Coat hangers are typically shaped as a triangle, or they have two rod like pieces joined at an angle.
  • Coat hangers are designed in all sorts of styles and sizes and are typically made from wire, wood or plastic materials, with plastic being the most popular material.
  • Coat hangers have been used for many things beside hanging clothes, such as cooking food over a fire, locking (and unlocking) mechanisms, connecting electrical circuits, welding and performing emergency lung surgery.

Coathanger, Clothes Hanger, Wooden, Plastic, Black, Brown, Kid, Bear, Metal, Ten Random Facts

  • Coat hangers are said to have been first used in the mid 1800s, which became popular due to the fancy Victorian dresses, and our modern hangers are believed to be based on a clothes hook invented in 1869.
  • Albert J Parkhouse designed a coat hanger in 1903, which was later patented, by twisting wire to hang his and his co-workers clothes on because they were running out of clothes hooks, although it is believed that the owner of the company, John Timberlake, was the one that profited from the design.
  • In the first six years of the 20th century, more than 180 patents were lodged for coathangers.
  • Some wooden and wired coat hangers are padded and covered in fabric or other material to protect delicate garments, to help keep the clothes shape in good condition and so that less creases are formed in the garment.
  • Some coat hangers have become collectible items, due to their age and uniqueness, and there are some manufacturers who encrust their hangers with Swarovski crystals or cover them in gold leaf.
Bibliography:
Clothes Hanger, 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clothes_hanger>
Deen J, Hanger History, 2006, Displayarama Store Fixtures <http://www.displayarama.com/hangers.htm>
Wire Coat Hanger, 2007, The Great Idea Finder, <http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/coathanger.htm>

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Eyeglasses

Magical lenses.

  • Glasses are also known as ‘eyeglasses’ and ‘spectacles’.
  • Glasses are used to help correct one’s vision, or give protection to they eyes from something, such as the sun.
  • Glasses were first made in Italy in about 1286, although the concept of magnification was discovered before 400BC Egypt.
  • Some glasses, called ‘safety glasses’ are used to protect eyes from chemicals, potentially dangerous machinery, and fragments or debri that may lodge in the eye.
  • Some glasses have special lenses that create a visual 3D effect when wearing them, so one can watch a film in 3D.

Rafting glasses, spectacles, two, round, square, lens, Ten Random Facts, Colourless, Brown

  • Modern glasses sit on the nose, have two lenses usually made from polycarbonate or other plastic, and are supported by arms that rest on the ears.
  • In the 1500s and 1600s, demand for glasses greatly increased due to the accessibility of books to the general public, and then the release of newspapers, and merchants were commonly seen in streets selling them.
  • Some older glasses don’t have ear supports or have one lens such as the pince-nez and the monocle.
  • Some glasses, called sunglasses, have dark lenses, to darken bright light from the sun and protect the eyes from UV rays.
  • It is estimated that approximately 64% of adult Americans wear glasses.
Bibliography:
Glasses, 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasses>

Clothing Belt

Flippy floppy, flippy floppy.

  • Belts are special straps that generally go around your waist and are normally used for holding trousers or skirts up on a person’s body, although sometimes they are used for decorative purposes.
  • Belts are generally made from leather or heavy cloth fabric.
  • Belts include a buckle and a band or strap in its design, and often a series of holes for the prong of the buckle to insert into, making it adjustable in length.
  • Men have been using belts as part of their clothing since 1000 BC or earlier.
  • In the modern era, it wasn’t until around the 1920s that belts were used to hold trousers up, as trousers had lower waistlines around that time.

Belt, Black, two, Curled, Straight, School, Gold, Silver buckle, Ten Random Facts

  • Before the 1920s, belts were generally used for decoration.
  • Some belts, utility belts, are used to carry items or tools around the waist for quick and easy access.
  • In the early Middle Ages, and in the 1900s- 1910s, it became fashionable for women to wear belts.
  • Some belts have been produced to be worn on legs.
  • The section of the belt strap that hangs loose, or is tucked into a belt loop is said to be called the lattiilus.
Bibliography:
Belt (Clothing) 11 February 2013 , Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belt_(clothing)>

Wool

Fluffy or thin, heavy or light, all wool is different as well as all these facts.

  • Wool is the coat of a sheep which is shorn off usually once a year.
  • There are over 1 081.8 million wool bearing sheep in the world and all the sheep put together produce approximately 1.27 million tonnes (1.3 million tons) per year.
  • Wool is transported in approximately 200 kg (440 lbs) bags, or bales.
  • Pure wool can be cream, grey, brown or black in colour.
  • The merino is the best sheep for wool breeding since it produces heavy, good quality, fine wool.Brown Cream Grey Wool in a basket, Ten Random Facts 
  • Australia is the biggest producer of wool in the world, followed by New Zealand, and China.
  • Wool is excellent at keeping heat in and cold out, is flame resistant and can be woven into cloth and yarn.
  • Wool can absorb liquids up to 1/3 of its own weight.
  • To make wool ready for retail sale, it is scoured, combed, dyed, spun, woven and finished.
  • As well as clothes and rugs, wool can be used in pianos and stereo speakers.
Bibliography:
Watson, T & Watson, J 1980, Wool, Wayland Publishers, England

American Indian Traditional Dress

Many countries and tribes have their own dress. Also many countries and tribes have their own facts.  Put two and two together and you get facts about traditional dress, in this case, American Indian traditional dress.

  • Many western and southern tribes didn’t wear much.
  • Many warriors shaved their heads to make them look scary and threatening. and tribes used feathers to express their fighting skills.
  • Tribes in the south east and in California pricked themselves using cacti quills or slivers of bones to prick designs on their skin like tattoos.
  • Many tribes wore hats if the materials were available.
  • Many tribes also wore body paint to show off their bravery or if they were in a special group, as well as to protect them from the sun, wind, cold and stinging or biting insects.

Native North American Indian, Chief Grey Owl, Traditional Dress, Ten Random Facts, Free Digital Photos

Chief 
Image courtesy of Elwood W. McKay III/ Free Digital Photos
  • Many men from many tribes wore buckskin between the legs and a tied belt in summer and in winter they added thigh leggings and a knee length tunic.
  • Women of most tribes often wore dresses.
  • Children normally wore nothing in summer and in winter wore clothes like the adults.
  • Jewellery was very popular among tribes and was made using shells, copper, porcupine quills and feathers when available.
  • Glass and ceramic beads were made and used for decorating clothes, recording or sending messages, ingredients for medicine or for trade.
Bibliography:
North American Indians 1999, Two-Can Publishing, London

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