If you eat carrots and read facts you can see in the dark! Well maybe not the facts part.
- Carrots contain carotene, or vitamin A, which helps you see in the dark.
- Carrots are normally orange but certain varieties can be purple, red, white or yellow.
- A fully grown carrot stem is normally 1 meter (3 foot) tall.
- A mature carrot plant has a white flower.
- The green leaves of a carrot are edible.
- The body only absorbs 3% carotene from a raw carrot while the body absorbs 42% carotene from cooked carrots.
- To much carrot can make your skin orange because of the carotene.
- Once planted, a carrot is ready for harvest after 4 months, and then they can be stored in a cool place for many months without becoming rotten.
- Holtville, in California, has an annual carrot festival held in late January or early February that lasts ten days.
- China was the largest producer of carrots by 2010 and is followed by the United States, Russia, Uzbekistan and Poland.
Carrot 5 October 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrot>
Stanton, R 1988, Food Fun Book, Ellsyd Press, Chippendale
Rice, is one of the many grains we eat. Rice comes from pure paddies like these pure ten facts.
- There are more than 113, 000 known varieties of rice in the world.
- Mature rice paddy plants can be 1-6 meters in height.
- Rice is eaten daily by approximately half the world.
- In 2010, rice was the second most popular world-wide product grown.
- Rice is grown in approximately 100 countries.
- Fifty kilograms of rice seeds will grow 2,000 kilograms of rice paddy while 400 million tons of paddy makes 260 tons of milled rice.
- Insects, rats, viruses, heat, large downpours, birds, snails and wild buffaloes can destroy rice paddies.
- The rice grains turn a golden yellow when it is time for harvest.
- By 2009, the whole world was consuming 531, 639 thousand metric tons of paddy, which is equal to 354, 603 thousand metric tons of milled rice.
- One average person in Bangladesh eats about half a kilogram of rice daily.
Hawkey, R 1980, Rice, Wayland Publishers Limited, England
Rice 13 October 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice>
The very first ten random facts are about sugar!
- Sugar helps to produce lots of energy and body heat.
- Sugar straight from the cane contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
- Indians probably discovered sugar in 500 BC.
- Sugar juice is in the upper part of the sugar cane.
- Purified juice contains 7 parts of water for every 1 part of sugar (7:1).
- Your body makes sugar into a type of glucose.
- Many ingredients or body-made chemicals that end with the suffix -ose, like in glucose, fructose and lactose, normally indicate that the ingredient or chemical is a type of sugar.
- The recommended daily intake of sugar a day is 10 teaspoons.
- Unprocessed sugar is good for you but refined and processed can be bad for you.
- 80% of the world’s sugar is produced from sugar cane while about 20% is produced from sugar beet.
Leighton, D 1977, Sugar, Wayland Publishers Limited, United Kingdom
Likness, J 2012, Sugar and Artificial Sugar Facts, Every Diet, <http://www.everdiet.org/1001/sugar-and-artificial-sugar-facts>