Tickle me pink! Is that really another colour?
- Pink is a light red to red-purple colour with the hexcode of #FFCBDB and RGB code of (255, 203, 219).
- The term ‘pink’ originates from a species of the Dianthus plant that goes by the same name, most likely in reference to its flowers that have a zigzag edge that look like they have been cut with pinking shears.
- Common shades of pink include orchid, cherry blossom, Barbie, cotton candy, pastel, baby, Mountbatten and rose.
- ‘Pink’ was originally referred to as ‘rosy’ until the former word’s use in the late 1600s, while ‘rosy’ originated from the Latin term ‘roseus’.
- During the Medieval and Ancient eras, pink was generally reserved for describing or painting the colour of the skin of people.
- Ham, pigs, roses, sunsets, tulips, galahs, cherry blossoms, berry-flavoured sweets, rose quartz, cotton candy and lipstick are all commonly coloured pink.
- Pink is typically used to symbolise sweet, youth, female, love, innocence, charm, beauty and politeness.
- Due to its base of red and shades of white, pink is useful to attract attention but it is also quite passive and it can have a calming affect, hence its use in some circumstances in some prisons.
- In some countries, pink is strongly associated with young girls, and as such, they are dressed in this colour, and this practice began in the early 1900s, which also saw boys being dressed in blue.
- Pink pigment is typically made with red and white, however, some say pink is not technically a colour due to its absence on the light spectrum, as it is made from violet and red light, located on opposite ends of the spectrum.
Mixing up the browns is quite entertaining.
- Brown is a tertiary colour made by mixing red, yellow and blue/black pigments together, or by blending red and green light.
- The hex code of brown is #964B00 while the RGB code is (150, 75, 0), and the colour sits on a variety of wavelengths approximate to red, orange or yellow.
- Common shades of brown include khaki, beige, chocolate, dirty, sandy, wooden, amber, umber and tan.
- ‘Brown’ comes from the word ‘brún’, which is an old English word meaning ‘dusky’ or ‘dark’.
- Various brown shades were used in depictions of both animal and people in prehistoric paintings and ancient art, and this has been evident in both Egypt and Greece.
- After the Ancient Age, brown was rarely chosen for artworks until later in the 1400s, and after this time the colour became particularly common and its use peaked around the 1600s and 1700s.
- Natural brown colour is often sourced from clay, and two of the shades, umber and sienna, are high in iron oxide which contributes to their colour; while sepia is sourced from certain cuttlefish; and nuts and nut-trees have been used to produce natural dyes in this colour.
- Hair, eye and skin are commonly brown, while other objects commonly found in this colour include chocolate, coffee, dirt, and some military uniforms; while many mammals such as bears and deer, as well as birds, display this colour.
- Brown is often used to symbolise dependability, plainness, humility, a rustic nature, low wealth and peasantry.
- According to surveys conducted across both the United States and Europe, brown is marked by the majority as the least appealing colour.
If a rhyme is what you seek, don’t choose orange or it may reek.
- Orange is a colour and part of the visual spectrum, situated between yellow and red, with a wavelength of 590 to 620 nanometres, a hex code of #FF7F00, and an RGB code of (255, 127, 0).
- In pigments, orange can be made by mixing red and yellow from the RYB colour wheel, while in light, it can be made with higher quantities of red light with the addition of lower quantities of green light.
- The term ‘orange’, first used in the early 1500s, was taken directly from the Old French word ‘orenge’ in reference to the fruit of the same colour and name, while previously the colour was known as ‘ġeolurēad‘ which literally meant ‘yellow-red’.
- Common shades of orange include peach, apricot, carrot, bronze, mango, terracotta, vermillion, burnt and saffron.
- Realgar, orpiment and crocoite are all natural minerals that were commonly used in the past to create an orange colour paint, while saffron and turmeric were plant based materials used to dye cloth and other items.
- Carrots, mangoes, desert sand, pumpkins, apricots, mandarins, marigolds and other flowers, autumn leaves, tigers, peaches, goldfish, and marmalade are things that commonly feature the colour orange.
- Natural objects that appear orange typically have a high content of the chemical carotene, and this can be seen in flowers, leaves, vegetables and fruit that display this colour.
- Orange attracts the eye and is the easiest colour to see in low lighting, low visibility, or next to water, hence its popularity for use on some boats, bridges and life jackets, traffic cones and signage, as well as ‘black box’ flight recorders.
- Orange is commonly used to symbolise health, safety, energy, cheerfulness, positivity, passiveness, loudness, warmth and comfort.
- It is normal for a person to find orange either a highly displeasing colour or a highly pleasing colour; and the colour is commonly used for robes worn by Buddhist monks, and represents a commitment to perfection or illumination.
Have you ever seen a purple cow?
- Purple is a colour that is made of the colours red and blue and is typically classified by the hex code #800080 and RGB code (128, 0, 128).
- The word ‘purple’ has its roots in the Greek word ‘porphyra’, the term used for a dye that made this colour.
- Purple is commonly used to symbolise royalty, power, the supernatural, mourning, magic and mystery.
- Natural purple paints have been popularly made from hematite and manganese, while dyes have been made from blackberries, orcein moss and the murex sea-snail.
- Although synthetic purple dyes were available previously, Englishman William Perkin created the first affordable mauve dye in 1850, while in his late teens.
- Eggplants, some cauliflower and beans, irises and other flowers, grapes, sea urchins, lavender, blackberries, and distant mountains at dawn and dusk are sometimes coloured purple.
- The sole country to use the colour purple in their flag is Dominica, although the colour is used minimally on the flag’s parrot.
- Organic items that display a purple colour generally contain the chemical anthocyanin, that helps to protect leaves from light damage, and the chemical also contains antioxidants.
- Purple is not located on the light spectrum, due to it being made from a combination of red and blue, while violet, the closest colour in appearance, is at the lowest end of the spectrum.
- Notable shades of purple include mauve, violet, orchid, and mulberry.
What does green mean to you?
- Green is a colour found between yellow and blue on the visual spectrum with a wavelength of 495 to 570 nanometres (nm), and it has the hex code #00FF00 and RGB code (0,255,0).
- Along with red and blue, green is among the three primary colours of light in the RGB colour model, and it is made by yellow and blue pigments in the RYB colour wheel.
- ‘Green’ derives from the word ‘grene’ of Old English and ‘groene’ of Northumbrian origin, from the Germanic word ‘gronja’, and these words were used in reference to the nature or colour of living things like plants and grass.
- Common shades of green include olive, apple, lime, jade, emerald, aqua, avocado and turquoise, and it is the colour with the most individual shades.
- Green pigment was not commonly used in ancient cave paintings or the dyeing of clothes, as good sources were not readily available from plants or minerals, although malachite was used for painting murals by Ancient Egyptians, while clothes were dyed with mixture of yellow and blue plant dyes to obtain the colour required.
- Green has been used to represent life, growth, youth, jealousy, rebirth, fertility, luck, plants, poison, love and safety.
- Green is one of the most appealing colours to look at, second to blue, as it is less harsh to human eyes.
- Limes, ferns, avocados, olives, leaves, lawns and moss are typically coloured green, while some birds, frogs, reptiles and insects are also primarily this colour.
- The Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese and Thai languages have all had, or still have, an identical word for ‘green’ and ‘blue’.
- Flavin, hemanovadin, chlorophyll, porphyrin and turacoverdin are all examples of chemicals that naturally make objects appear green, particularly in animals and vegetation.
Caution! Don’t ignore yellow!
- Yellow is a colour located on the visible spectrum between orange and green, that has a wavelength of 520 to 590 nanometres (nm), as well as having the hex code #FFFF00 and the RGB value (255, 255, 0).
- Yellow is among the three primary colours of pigments, shown in the RYB colour wheel, and in light it can be made with green and red in the RGB spectrum.
- Yellow comes from the terms ‘geolu’ and ‘geolwe’, which both are from Old English, which in turn is derived from the Germanic ‘gelwaz’.
- Natural pigments of a yellow colour can be made from ochre, saffron, turmeric and Garcinia tree resin; and many other minerals have proven toxic, including crocoite which contains lead, while the synthetic chemical tartrazine is commonly used today.
- The colour yellow appears often in nature, and can be seen in fruit like lemons, flowers like sunflowers, and animals including tigers, giraffes, some reptiles and fish, insects like bees and butterflies, and birds including canaries and ducklings.
- Yellow can be highly symbolic, representing gold, gods, caution, warmth, courage, happiness and sunshine.
- Numerous natural objects coloured yellow, including egg yolk, daffodils and bananas, contain carotenoid pigments; while other objects commonly coloured in this colour include rubber ducks, some forms of road machinery, and in some regions taxis and buses.
- Black alters yellow shades most dramatically and most unpleasantly of all colours, with only small mixes making unattractive colours.
- Shades of yellow include mustard, cream, gold, amber, maize, goldenrod, straw, saffron, and lemon, and shades of hair in this colour are usually called ‘blonde’ or ‘golden’.
- Yellow is the first colour to be recognised visually, hence it being used on warning signs, and contrary to popular belief, a room in this colour does not make a baby cry more.