Grand Canyon

Big, large and rocky!

  • The Grand Canyon is located in the state of Arizona, in the United States of America and has some of the cleanest air in the US.
  • The Grand Canyon is one of the natural wonders of the world and has been most notably carved by the flow of the Colorado River.
  • The Grand Canyon is 466 km (277 miles) in length, up to 1,800 meters (6,000 feet) deep, and in places up to 29 km (18 miles) in width.
  • The Grand Canyon was first discovered by Europeans in September, 1540.
  • The former United States president, Theodore Roosevelt, started the Grand Canyon National Park, which protects the wonder.

Grand Canyon, Top Side view, rocks, Free Digital Photos, Ten Random Facts

Grand Canyon
Image courtesy of Paul Martin Eldridge/Free Digital Photos
  • In the periods of 2003-2011, mining in the Grand Canyon was requested due to the large amount of uranium underground.
  • Temperatures at the Grand Canyon can reach up to 38°C (100°F) and can go as low as -18°C (0°F).
  • 1,737 species of plants and 34 mammals have been spotted or seen at the Grand Canyon.
  • On average, 5 million visitors visit the Grand Canyon every year.
  • Since the 1870s, 600 deaths have occurred at the Grand Canyon.  242 of those deaths were results of plane and helicopter crashes.
Bibliography:
Grand Canyon 8 December 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon>

Baseball

A popular team, base game.

  • Baseball is a bat and ball game which is all about running and hitting.
  • There are nine people per baseball team, and two teams per game.
  • The playing field, which has four bases layed out in the shape of a diamond, of a baseball game is typically 27 m (90 ft).
  • A baseball in a baseball game is pitched overarm.
  • The first recorded baseball game with confirmed rules was in 1846, at New Jersey.

Baseball, Batsman, bat, boy, Ten Random Facts, Free Stock Photos

Baseball
Image courtesy of Free Stock Photos
  • Baseball is the national, recognised sport of America, particularly the United States.
  • Baseball first appeared at the Olympics games in 1912.
  • A baseball game uses three main items – a baseball; baseball bats; and gloves or mitts and sometimes helmets.
  • A baseball is around the size of an adults fist, 23 cm (9 inches) in circumference.
  • The Major League Baseball, in America, has 30 teams.
Bibliography:
Baseball 5 November 2012, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baseball

Tomato

Fruit or vegetable?

  • The tomato plant originated in America.
  • For botanists, a tomato is classified as a fruit but many people suggest it is a vegetable.
  • The tomato belongs to the nightshade family, due to it’s high amount of lycopene, which gives the tomato a reddish colour.
  • Tomato plants grow around 1-3 meters (3-10 feet) in height.
  • There are thousands of tomato cultivars – around 7500!

Red tomato, tomato stalk, Ten Random Facts

  • Tomatoes can be red, orange, yellow, green, pink, purple, black or white in colour.
  • China grows the most tomatoes in the world (41, 879, 684 tonnes in 2010).
  • When ripe, a tomato should be used within 1-2 days.
  • A tomato plant is normally vine like with yellow flowers.
  • The heaviest recorded tomato weighed 3.51 kg (7 lb 2 oz), in 1981.
Bibliography:
Tomato 12 November 2012, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato>

American Indian Traditional Dress

Many countries and tribes have their own dress. Also many countries and tribes have their own facts.  Put two and two together and you get facts about traditional dress, in this case, American Indian traditional dress.

  • Many western and southern tribes didn’t wear much.
  • Many warriors shaved their heads to make them look scary and threatening. and tribes used feathers to express their fighting skills.
  • Tribes in the south east and in California pricked themselves using cacti quills or slivers of bones to prick designs on their skin like tattoos.
  • Many tribes wore hats if the materials were available.
  • Many tribes also wore body paint to show off their bravery or if they were in a special group, as well as to protect them from the sun, wind, cold and stinging or biting insects.

Native North American Indian, Chief Grey Owl, Traditional Dress, Ten Random Facts, Free Digital Photos

Chief 
Image courtesy of Elwood W. McKay III/ Free Digital Photos
  • Many men from many tribes wore buckskin between the legs and a tied belt in summer and in winter they added thigh leggings and a knee length tunic.
  • Women of most tribes often wore dresses.
  • Children normally wore nothing in summer and in winter wore clothes like the adults.
  • Jewellery was very popular among tribes and was made using shells, copper, porcupine quills and feathers when available.
  • Glass and ceramic beads were made and used for decorating clothes, recording or sending messages, ingredients for medicine or for trade.
Bibliography:
North American Indians 1999, Two-Can Publishing, London

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