Run, run, run, leap over the beam!
- High jump is an athletic event where one must jump, from only one foot, over a supported bar which is raised higher as the competition goes on.
- If the jumper doesn’t make it over, or knocks off the high jump bar, the jumper gains a foul.
- The earliest record of a high jump event was in the 1800s, in Scotland.
- Some high jumpers wear spiked shoes that help maintain stability on take off, and make it more comfortable.
- Most high jumpers run at the bar at a 30 or 40 degree angle.
- The current high jump world records are held by Javier Sotomayor from Cuba, (1993) with 2.45 meters (8.03 feet) for the male record, and Stefka Kostadinova from Bulgaria, the female record holder, (1987) with 2.09 meters (6.85 feet).
- High jump has been included in the Olympic games since 1896.
- Once high jumpers have failed to make it over the bar three times in a row, they are no longer able to compete.
- There are a choice of two main techniques when high jumping: the Scissor Style, and the Fosbury Flop.
- The winner of a high jump competition is the person who was able to complete a jump over the bar at the greatest height.
High Jump, 2013 Wikipedia,< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_jump>
Dribble, dribble, jump, shoot, score!
- Basketball is normally a non-contact sport that requires the player to throw balls through a basketball hoop to score points.
- Basketball is typically played in two teams of five players, with one ball, and a basketball hoop mounted 3 metres (10 ft) high on a backboard at each end of the court.
- Basketball is one of the most popular sports worldwide.
- Basketball was invented by Dr James Naismith, a physical education teacher, when he nailed a peach basket to a wall for his students on a rainy day in 1891, in Massachusetts, USA.
- Basketball originally used a soccer ball until brown basket balls were produced for the purpose, until the modern orange, more visible balls were introduced in the 1950s.
- The first official basketball game was held in 1892, with nine people playing.
- Basketball was first played in the Olympic Games in 1936.
- A standard basketball is 75cm (29.5 inches) in circumference, although basket balls used in women’s tournaments are usually slightly smaller.
- Basketball is generally played indoors on a basketball court, the standard size being 26.8 meters (94 feet) in length and 15.2 meters (50 feet) in width.
- Professional male basketball players are generally 1.9 meters (6 ft 3) in height or taller.
Basketball 7 March 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basketball>
Run and jump… bounce, bounce, bounce.
- Bungee jumping is normally performed on very tall, vertical or horizontal objects, such as mountains, bridges and buildings.
- Bungee jumping is also sometimes spelt ‘bungy’ jumping.
- The term ‘bungee’ from bungee jumping, comes from a dialect of English, which means ‘anything thick and squat’, although the term is most likely a reference to the type of cord used.
- Bungee jumps are usually made from objects that don’t move but sometimes jumps are made from an aircraft.
- Bungee jumping uses an elastic rope that is tied around the jumper’s legs and protective equipment that is similar to the protective equipment used in climbing.
- Bungee jumping is popular in film, and bungee jumping was performed in the 1995 opening of the James Bond ‘GoldenEye’ movie.
- Bungee jumping can be performed in many styles and techniques, such as starting the jump on low ground or jumping off a ramp.
- Bungee jumping can be dangerous if the equipment is not checked and used correctly, and if the equipment does not properly fit the jumper.
- One of the most common bungee jumping dangers caused by jumping, is damage to eyesight.
- Bungee jumping is proven to increase stress levels and affect the immune system.
Bungee Jumping 28 February 2013, Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bungee_jumping>