Igneous Rock

There are many types of rocks and many groups. Igneous rocks are up!

  • Igneous rocks are formed in molten magma.
  • There are two types of igneous rock. One type of igneous rock is formed in the surface of the earth while the other type of rock forms on the crust, because of the cool air.
  • Igneous rock is also formed when magma cools and crystallises into a rock formation.
  • Most of the earth’s crust is made out of igneous rock.
  • Many mountains are made out of igneous rocks. Also, many mountains with lots of surrounding igneous rock suggests that the mountain could be a volcano.

 Igneous Rock, Granite, Free Digital Photos, Free Digital Photos

Igneous Rock
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  • ‘Igneous’ comes from the latin phrase ‘made from fire’.
  • Earth’s moon is made out of igneous rocks.
  • Many roads are made from crushed igneous rock .
  • The igneous rock called pumice is the lightest rock on earth.
  • Igneous rocks contain many minerals that help plants grow.
Bibliography:
Rocks & Minerals 2004, Dorling Kindersley, United States
Stewart, M 2002, Igneous Rocks, Heinemann Library, Great Britian

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Crude Oil

This black resource found in the Earth is very interesting so I’ve got 10 facts about crude oil.

  • Crude oil seeps to the surface of the Earth and gathers in pits.
  • Crude oil is naturally formed by squeezing and heating up the remains of animals and tiny sea creatures into a liquid.
  • Crude oil is usually only found where there are layers of sedimentary rocks since these rocks have been formed like crude oil.
  • To collect the crude oil, an oil driller would use a large drill to dig oil wells.
  • Upon the collection of the crude oil, it is necessary to take all the water and oxygen out of it.

Oil Rig, Ten Random Facts, Sea, Free Digital Photos

Oil Rig
Image courtesy of Suwatpo/ Free Digital Photos
  • Crude oil is stored in a tank with a bobbing lid, to stop any gases that could damage or even make the crude oil explode upon contact.
  • To make crude oil usable, you must make it float better, make the oil burn better, make it not dangerous and remove the bad smell.
  • The Middle East contains the most crude oil in the world.
  • Crude oil can be found at sea so floating cranes are needed at deep areas.
  • Crude oil contains carbon and hydrogen, hydrocarbon.
Bibliography:
Cranfield, J & Buckman, D 1976, Oil, Wayland Publishers, UK

Dispersion of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products in Freshwater Powering Planet Earth: Energy Solutions for the Future

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