Ancient Egypt is a dazzling place with 10 dazzling facts!
- Ancient Egypt was established in 3100BC and fell to the Romans in 30BC.
- The Ancient Egyptians invented Hieroglyphs, a symbolic language, around 3100BC.
- The Karnak temple is the largest religious structure, which is still standing inEgypt, in the world. The full structure measures 80ha/200acres/809371m2 and took 500 years to complete.
- The biggest pyramid in the world is the largest pyramid of Giza. It’s base measures 53,000m2.
- The pyramids of Giza contain approximately 2,300,000 stone bricks.
Pyramids in Egypt
- Each stone brick in an Egyptian pyramid weighs about 2.5t/2500Kg.
- The Rosetta stone, a slab of granite found at Rashid (Rosetta), contains the language of the Ancient Egyptians – hieroglyphs, demotic script and Ancient Greek. You can find the stone at the British Museum.
- Ancient Egyptian pharaohs where known as sons of the gods, with royalty and power.
- The Ancient Egyptians mastered ship building around 3000BC.
- Slaves were never used to construct the Ancient Egyptian pyramids.
Ancient Egypt 6 October 2012 , Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt>
Macdonald, F 2003, Ancient Egyptians-an ancient civilisation brought vividly to life, HarperCollins, London
Mars is one of the many planets in our solar system, and here are ten facts about it!
- One day on Mars is equal to 24.6 Earth hours.
- One year on Mars is equal to 687 Earth days.
- Mars has north and south ice caps made from water and carbon dioxide.
- Mars has 2 moons.
- Mars is 288 million kilometers away from the sun.
- Mars is the planet in the solar system that is most Earth-like. Mars has volcanoes, valleys and dried-up river beds.
- Mars is named after the Roman god of war.
- The soil on Mars contains magnesium, sodium, potassium and chlorine.
- Mars is the home to the mountain, Olympus Mons, which is the largest mountain in the solar system.
- Mars’ atmosphere contains 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon and contains very small amounts of water and oxygen.
Hawksett, D 2006, Stars and Planets, Hinkler books, Victoria
Mars 6 October 2012 , Wikipedia, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars>
Your eye is amazing- and here is ten random facts about them!
- Your eyelids and eyelashes help protect your eyes from dust, dirt and germs from entering them.
- Your eyeball is as big as a ping-pong ball.
- Your eye sees an image upside down, so your brain flips the image the right way up.
- Tears are made of water, chemicals and oil.
- If your cornea and retina do not work together your vision will be blurry.
- Eye muscles move more than 100,000 times a day.
- The cornea, the visible part of your eye, is the only part of your body that should not contain any blood.
- Your eye has a jelly-like coating, scientifically named vitreous humour, that moulds your eyeballs into a round, spherical shape.
- 32% of the world’s population have blue or grey irises,12% of the world’s population have green or light brown irises and 25% of the world’s population have dark brown irises.
- Your eye uses cells called rods, which sees gray-scale, and cones, which see colours. 1 eye has about 120 million rods and 7 million cones.
Otway, H 2008, Exploring Your Senses, Tormont Publications, Ireland
Your Eyes 2012, Kids Health, <http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/eyes.html>
The very first ten random facts are about sugar!
- Sugar helps to produce lots of energy and body heat.
- Sugar straight from the cane contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
- Indians probably discovered sugar in 500 BC.
- Sugar juice is in the upper part of the sugar cane.
- Purified juice contains 7 parts of water for every 1 part of sugar (7:1).
- Your body makes sugar into a type of glucose.
- Many ingredients or body-made chemicals that end with the suffix -ose, like in glucose, fructose and lactose, normally indicate that the ingredient or chemical is a type of sugar.
- The recommended daily intake of sugar a day is 10 teaspoons.
- Unprocessed sugar is good for you but refined and processed can be bad for you.
- 80% of the world’s sugar is produced from sugar cane while about 20% is produced from sugar beet.
Leighton, D 1977, Sugar, Wayland Publishers Limited, United Kingdom
Likness, J 2012, Sugar and Artificial Sugar Facts, Every Diet, <http://www.everdiet.org/1001/sugar-and-artificial-sugar-facts>